This page is an introduction to our pages on SATS (Standard Attainment Tests) and SATS revision. Officially called 'National Curriculum teacher assessments and key stage tests', we have used the terminology familiar to most schools and to parents. Many more pages are available to subscribers to Parents in Touch. Below are illustrated just some examples of the many SATS papers available to our members. We also show a selection from our SATS revision papers to help improve your child's results. SATS papers from 2003 onwards, including papers for more able and less able, all the KS1 papers which are allowed to be published and more revision papers are available through our Worksheet Finder. More information.
SATS format for 2014
English The texts in the levels 3-5 English reading booklet will not be linked by a theme. The booklet will contain three or four texts. The least demanding text will come first with the following texts increasing in level of difficulty.
Instead of being given 15 minutes reading time and 45 minutes to answer the questions, children will have a total of one hour to read the texts and complete the questions at their own pace.
The reading answer booklet will comprise approximately 35 to 40 questions (totalling 50 marks). The questions are:
shorter, closed response items (such as multiple choice and matching questions);
shorter, open response items; and
longer, open response items that require children to explain and comment on the texts in order to demonstrate a full understanding.
English reading booklet sample 2014
English reading answer booklet sample 2014
English reading answer book MS sample 2014
How English SATS test is marked
English SATS glossary of terms
Maths The levels 3-5 mathematics test consists of:
two non-calculator papers, Paper 1 and Paper 2, each lasting 45 minutes
mental mathematics test, lasting 20 minutes
Children’s marks from all three tests are aggregated to calculate their overall mathematics level.
Equipment needed for Paper 1 and Paper 2:
a pen and pencil
a ruler (showing centimetres and millimetres)
an angle measurer
National Curriculum Assessments 2016
The new national curriculum will be assessed for the first time in May 2016. There will be new tests for key stage 1, as well as key stage 2.
What the tests will cover:
The tests will cover English reading, English grammar, punctuation and spelling, and mathematics at key stages 1 and 2. There will also be a key stage 2 science sampling test every other year. Test frameworks
Test frameworks https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/national-curriculum-assessments-test-frameworks are available for each test. The frameworks are written primarily for test developers, however teachers may also be interested in them. Each test framework sets out:
what will and won’t be assessed by the test
how each element of the subject will be assessed
the proposed structure of the test
the standard a child will be expected to achieve in the test
The test frameworks are currently draft documents. National curriculum tests take up to 3 years to develop. The process includes 2 rounds of expert review of each potential question as well as 2 trials with children. We may make small changes as a result of this work; however, we do not expect the main elements of the frameworks to change.
The test frameworks do not provide information on how you should teach the new national curriculum. You should not use the frameworks to guide teaching and learning. Sample materials
We have published a small number of sample questions for each key stage and subject. These documents illustrate new question types that will be included in tests from 2016. They also indicate how some of the new curriculum content will be assessed. How the tests will be administered
Key stage 1
Administration arrangements are currently being confirmed. We will provide information online and via emails to headteachers once decisions have been made. Administration and marking guidance will be provided with the live tests.
Key stage 2
The key stage 2 tests will be administered and marked in the same way as the current tests. Further information
During the 2015 summer term we will publish:
a full set of sample tests and mark schemes for each of the national curriculum tests at key stages 1 and 2
guidance on how the results of national curriculum tests will be reported, including an explanation of scaled scores
A new statutory test of English grammar, punctuation and spelling will be introduced for children at the end of Key Stage 2 from May 2013. This implements an important recommendation of Lord Bew’s independent review that writing composition should be subject to teacher assessment only, with the more 'technical' aspects of English - such as punctuation and spelling - assessed via an externally marked test.
The introduction of this new test reflects the Government’s beliefs that children should have mastered these important aspects of English by the time they leave primary school, and that appropriate recognition should be given to good use of English throughout their schooling.
The test will assess levels 3-5 of the current statutory Key Stage 2 English National Curriculum programme of study for English. A separate level 6 test will be available for schools that wish to enter children who are expected to be working above level 5 in May 2013. The level 6 test will sample additional content from the Key Stage 3 programme of study for English.
Both the level 3-5 test and level 6 tests will assess children’s abilities in the following technical aspects of English:
SATS key stage 1 and 2 affect nearly all children aged 7 years old (KS1) and 11 years old (KS2). Do you understand the implications, the ways to help and revise and the exact format of the papers? There is very little information available about any of these tests. Many books bought in the shops do not illustrate the exact format although the content may be the same. I have tried to replicate the format of the booklets, the standards required and the subject content for each age group in our papers created especially for Parents in Touch.
SATS at key stage 1 At the age of 7, your child will be required to take tests. These tests are primarily to enable teachers to learn more about the strengths and weaknesses of each individual pupil. Each pupil will have been working at their own rate and some will find maths easier than reading or vice versa. As each child will normally have followed the Literacy and Numeracy syllabus as laid down by the government they should be ready to take the tests
There is no notion of ‘pass’ or ‘fail’. The aim is to let you know how well your child is progressing in relation to national expectations; to tell the next school or teacher what each child needs to learn next; and to inform each school about how well it is teaching aspects of the National Curriculum. Each class teacher will be aware of the strengths and weaknesses of each child and as they are very young there is no pressure or desire for the child to do anything else but their best. What a child cannot do at seven they will find easier at eight. Education is NOT a race or even an absolute science.
KS1 SATS maths question
Jack worked out the answer to this sum 54+36=90.
Show how he worked it out
KS1 SATS English question What a happy boy! What do you think he is going to do with this large ‘cane’? Is it magic? Will it bring him all the things he might want? Write your ideas about the picture.
Practice and Revision Papers We have illustrated below just a few of the wide range available. To see all our papers, search under the required subject and key stage in the Worksheet Finder
On 18 July 2011 Education Secretary Michael Gove accepted all the recommendations of Lord Bew’s independent review of testing, assessment and accountability at the end of primary school.
Key changes to the Key Stage 2 system will make it fairer for all and more effective in raising standards.
Michael Gove said the substantial reforms would ensure that heads, teachers, pupils and parents would be able to have confidence in the new system.
Currently there is statutory teacher assessment in every core subject – maths, reading, writing, speaking and listening, and science. There are also external tests in maths, writing and reading, and a sample test in science.
The changes include:
Replacing the current writing test with teacher assessment of writing composition. This will ensure pupils can be more creative and will overcome the dangers of teaching to the test. This teacher assessment will make up the larger part of the overall writing judgement.
Working with the profession to develop a test of some of the essential skills needed to become fluent, confident writers – spelling, grammar, punctuation and vocabulary. We intend that it will be introduced from 2013 after trialling in 2012.
Publishing more data in the 2011 performance tables onwards, including new three-year rolling averages from 2012, to give a rounded picture of a school’s performance.
Placing a greater emphasis on progress made by pupils.
Progress will be one of the two main published measures, alongside attainment. From now on any overall judgement of a school by the Government, local authorities or Ofsted will give at least as much weight to progress as attainment.
There will be a strong focus on the progress of every pupil. New progress measures will be introduced in the 2011 performance tables to focus on the performance of low, middle and high attainers. This will help stop schools focusing on pupils on the Level 3/4 borderline.
We will introduce new progress and attainment measures from 2012 for pupils who have completed all of Years 5 and 6 in a school. This will recognise that schools should not be held wholly accountable for the performance of pupils who have just joined them.
Secondary schools will be given teacher assessment judgements before test results, from 2012. This will mean there is more weight attached to them and allow longer for them to inform Year 7 teaching and learning.
Primary schools will provide more information on pupils’ performance to secondary schools so Year 7 teachers know right from the outset children’s attainment and the areas where extra work is needed. This will start in summer 2013.
There will be a trial in 2012 of an extension to the testing period so that pupils who are ill on the day of a test have a week to sit it, rather than two days.
Maths and reading tests will continue to be externally tested but will be refined over time. Teacher assessment of science, with a sample test monitoring national standards, will continue. Speaking and listening will continue to be teacher assessed.
Standards and Testing Agency: 04 September 2012
Schools are required to administer the following level 3-5 tests:
English grammar, punctuation and spelling (new for 2013)
Schools may also choose to administer level 6 versions of these tests. Headteachers should consider a child’s expected attainment before entering them for the level 6 tests as they should already be demonstrating attainment above level 5. The child must achieve a level 5 in the level 3-5 test and pass the corresponding level 6 test in the same year to be awarded an overall level 6 result. If the child does not pass the level 6 test they will be awarded the level achieved in the level 3-5 test.
Results from the level 6 tests will continue to be used in the accountability framework for 2012/13. Further information will be published on this website in the spring term.
There will not be a Key Stage 2 science sampling test in 2013; a new, biennial (every other year), pupil-level sampling system will be introduced in 2014.
2014 SATS Test dates
The 2014 Key Stage 2 tests will take place from 12-15 May. Schools have been asked to keep this period free for administering the Key Stage 2 tests.
Level 3-5 tests*
Level 6 tests*
Monday 12 May
English reading test
English reading test
Tuesday 13 May
English grammar, punctuation and spelling test
English grammar, punctuation and spelling test
Wednesday 14 May
Mental mathematics test
Mathematics - Test A
Thursday 15 May
Mathematics - Test B
Mathematics - Paper 1
Mathematics - Paper 2
* If a school is administering both the level 3-5 and level 6 test in a subject, STA recommends administering level 3-5 in the morning, and level 6 in the afternoon.
KS2 maths question 5.01 + 0.5 =
KS2 English question The three teenagers were at the start of an exciting adventure in the snow. Was the abominable snowman real or not? They were about to find out. Write your account of their adventure and describe what they found, who was brave, and how they solved the myth!
KS2 science question Select 3 things that are alive:
Schools can use these tables to convert test marks into National Curriculum levels. To be awarded an overall level 6 in a subject, a child must achieve both a level 5 in the end of Key Stage 2 test and pass the level 6 test for that subject.
KS3 SATS Although pupils no longer formally sit SATS, past papers are excellent for revision and some schools still use the papers. Use the Worksheet Finder to locate them.
KS3 maths question
In the number 4.536, what is the value of the figure 3?
KS3 English question
Your school is holding Summer holiday courses. They are compiling a brochure to attract people to attend the courses, The brochure should describe what is on offer, who might be eligible to attend, and the precise timings of the courses. You should include your own ideas, favourites and what people will achieve by joining.
Write an entry for the brochure about an activity you as a teenager would enjoy.
KS3 science question
Muscle cells can contract.
Give one reason why muscles are needed in the intestine.
Progress tests can be found in the Worksheet Finder under Sats type and Revision papers.
From the academic year 2015-16, we will move from an absolute measure of progress (i.e. two
levels of progress required between KS1 and KS2) to a relative measure. At the same time, KS2
test outcomes will be reported as a scaled score, where the expected score is 100. Pupil progress
will be determined in relation to the average progress made by pupils with the same baseline (i.e.
the same KS1 average point score). For example, if a pupil had an APS of 19 at KS1, we will
calculate the average scaled score in the KS2 tests for all pupils with an APS of 19 and see whether
the pupil in question achieved a higher or lower scaled score than that average The exact
methodology of how this will be reported is still to be determined.
New performance descriptors will be published (in draft) in autumn 2014 which will inform statutory
teacher assessment at the end of key stage 1 and 2 in summer 2016. Final versions will be
published by September 2015.
End of Year 6
End of Year 5 (between sub levels)
End of Year 4
End of Year 3 (between sub levels)
End of Year 2
End of Year 1
This table shows the average attainment for the end of each year group. Within each class there will be children working above and below this level.
As this shows expected attainment at the end of a year, a child may well be below the average point mid way through a year but progress to an average level by the end.
If your child is working at an above average level, you would expect this to be sustained as they progress through the school.
If your child is working at a level below average, you would expect them to make continued progress and unless a significant need is found, for the school to aspire to an average level of attainment by the end of Year 6.
Books and papers to help with SATS revision
KS2 Maths SAT Buster - Number
Once again, CGP's trademark friendly style brings a set of revision guides which will provide excellent practice in the build up to SATS as well as for general reinforcement of learning. It contains SATS-style practice on every number topic - Number and Proportion, Written and Mental Calculations, and Problem Solving with Number. Each of these is further sub-divided into smaller section, giving 14 areas of study in all. Answers to all three of these books are available in a separate Answer Book KS2 Maths SAT Buster - Number, Shape, Measures and Data Answer Book .
KS2 Maths SAT Buster - Shape, Measures and Data
This book is divided into three sections with further sub-divisions so it is easy to find the chosen topic. There are generally six questions for each topic although some more complex topics have more questions. It's good to see that the publishers have considered just how much each topic requires rather than being constrained to a set number of questions regardless of the complexity of the topic. The questions and diagrams are clear and easy to follow. The questions can be tackled in one or two sessions of study, giving children just the right amount of reinforcement without them getting bored.
There are hundreds of questions covering everything from doubling to division, angles to algebra, perimeters to percentages and much more. There are 15 different topics with two or more pages of questions. In the centre of the book are four realistic Mental Maths practice tests with free online audio files for each one. Taken together, these three guides will cover all the key areas in a succinct and enjoyable way. Using these books is an excellent way to build your child's confidence and reassure them - and you - that they are on the right track. CGP, with their touches of humour, make learning approachable and fun and always focus closely on the curriculum so parents can be confident they are giving their child the best help possible.
Question Bank - Punctuation, Grammar and Writing Tests (How English Works) by Julie Kourdi
Teachers can use these practice tests to build children's confidence and ability in preparation for the English language tests that form part of KS2 SATS - especially the SPAG test. For those not taking tests, they will consolidate skills; consolidate knowledge and how grammar and punctuation works and point out areas which need extra work. It is an ideal resource for teachers - designed to help their students gain practice and become familiar with the different types of questions in formal tests. There are 3 tests - one Level 5 and two Level 6 and these are in test format so a great way to prepare children.
Question Bank - Spelling Tests (How English Works) by Julie Kourdi
These practice tests will build children's confidence and ability in the run up to KS2 SATS. THey also provide useful revision for anyone studying English as we all need to spell correctly! It's a comprehensive book - 220 pages in all, with three spelling papers, plus answers and progress checks. The tests are not in SATS format - they are more detailed and offer greater opportunity for learning and consolidation. Also included is a useful selection of word lists for self-assessment.
KS2 English: Grammar, Punctuation and Spelling Study Book from CGP Books
As we have come to expect from CGP, this is an approachable colourful and easy-to-read study book. It covers everything KS2 students will need to know about Grammar, Punctuation and Spelling for the English SATS. As well as being an important part of SATS, these are also essential skills for everyday life and skills which are needed in virtually every school subject, so it is vital that children have a good grasp of the concepts. This is facilitated by the examples which demonstrate each point and the recap questions for every topic and exam-style tasks at the end of each section enable parents and teachers to check understanding. The layout and use of colour make the book both attractive and easy to use and there are lots of humorous cartoons to keep the student interested.
KS2 Maths Study Book - Level 6 from CGP Books
Matching the Attainment Targets, this colourful book has been carefully created to support work for the Level 6 test. Each topic is covered, with one page explaining the maths and the opposite page showing worked examples, allowing children to follow through and see how the questions are tackled. At the end of each section are practice questions; the book below is designed to complement these so the two are ideal for use together. Targeted for children taking the Level 6 Extension Test, this would also be good for post-SATS work, for summer holiday catch-up and for the beginning of Year 7. Of course, there's the element of humour we expect from CGP. Each double page has a box at the end which gives a simple but effective tip to help learning.
KS2 Maths Question Book - Level 6 from CGP Books
The perfect accompaniment to the Study Book, this handles topics in the same sequence, making reference back easy. The book starts with two tests - levels 5b and 5a; levels 6c and 6b; it ends with two more 6c and 6b; 6b and 6a. These are valuable for seeing where children are with their work as well as highlighting where extra help is needed. There are then six sections (matching the Study Book) for systematic practice of key topics. The questions are clearly set out using a format similar to the SATS papers to help familiarity. Each topic has learning objectives so children can rate their own progress. The answers are provided, of course!
KS2 Maths SATs Practice Papers - Level 6 from CGP Books
Once children have gained confidence by using the two books described above, move on to the next step with these three full sets of realistic Level 6 Practice Tests for Key Stage Two Maths. As the Level 6 tests have recently been re-introduced, there are not so many sample papers available so these are a valuable resource, being fully up-to-date for the latest tests and ideal to increase confidence before sitting the actual test. A detailed answer book is also included, with a guide to how the marks are assigned to each question.
Grammar,Punctuation and Spelling Test Levels 3-5 (Practice Papers National Tests) by Lesley Fletcher
There is always controversy over whether children should be 'coached' for SATS' but we include revision papers and book reviews so parents have the choice and know what is available if they choose to support their child's learning and enhance confidence by doing practice papers. In view of the 2013 changes and the introduction of the Grammar, Punctuation and Spelling tests, these papers are very useful as there are no past papers to refer to. For that reason, these packs will be much appreciated by teachers as well as parents. The pack includes three complete tests and mark schemes, as well as clear guidance for parents, pupils an teachers about what is expected at Levels 3-5.
English Reading Test Level 6 (Practice Papers National Tests) by Paul Hollin
As the Level 6 test has only recently been reintroduced, there are not many past papers available to use, so tbhis will be a welcome addition to resources. It includes three complete tests, together with the mark schemes, in the exact format as the actual tests. The passages are well chosen and the questions sufficiently challenging to give children an excellent feel for the real test, and thereby enhance their confidence. As with the other packs, this includes support and practical guidance for the tests.
Grammar, Punctuation and Spelling Test Level 6 (Practice Papers National Tests) by Lesley Fletcher
Give your child confidence for the newly introduced tests by getting them to work through these papers. They can be tackled as complete papers, or just a section at a time - either way, you will be helping your child's preparation. Or, if you want to do a little extra work over the summer holiday, these would be excellent preparation for moving on to secondary school. The papers are as authentic as possible and based closely on the real tests.
Maths Level 6 (Practice Papers National Tests) Paul Hollin
If your child is assessed as being suitable to take the Level 6 papers, this pack will be an excellent resource for practice and preparation, so he knows what is expected to reach this level - mark schemes are included. Again, this is a valuable resource for teachers who will appreciate another set of papers for revision. THese are based closely on the actual papers and give clear guidance as to what is expected.
A note of caution though - I have found some mistakes in these papers. On looking at other reviews, I see that others have noticed too. Scholastic are aware of the and the errors will be rectified in the next reprint.
KS2 Maths SAT Buster: Number by Richard Parsons
Another excellent value book from CGP which will help your child cover all aspects of number required for SATS in YEar 6 - Number and Proportion, Written and Mental Calculations, and Problem Solving with Number. It is a practice book and there are two pages of questions on each topic - perfect for doing short chunks of revision or for reinforcing understanding of each topic. The comprehensive coverage and range of question types make this an excellent revision aid.
KS2 Maths SAT Buster: Shape, Measures and Data by Richard Parsons
As ever, a clear and easy to use book, which covers every topic under these sometimes puzzling areas of maths. Working through these with your child can be an excellent aid in pinpointing any areas which need extra revision. The questions are clearly laid out and there is plenty of variety to keep the pupil's interest alive. Answers to both these SAT Buster books can be found in a separate Answer Book KS2 Maths SAT Buster - Number, Shape, Measures and Data Answer Book
KS2 English Sat Buster: Grammar by Richard Parsons
This, and the four books below, are clear friendly (as always!) guides from CGP. They are excellent valueand a very worthwhile purchase. You can give your child a head start for the new emphasis for 2013 on spelling, punctuation, grammar and vocabulary in KS2 SATS. This book is full of a wide variety of tests - designed to help your child become a Grammagator - someone who can answer even the trickiest grammar questions!
KS2 English Sat Buster: Spelling by Richard Parsons
Spelling - always a tricky one! But if your child works through the exercises in this book they will be well prepared for tricky spelling words - not just for SATS but for all forms of writing. Spelling is an essential skill which, once learnt, stays with you for life. Each page focuses on a particular issue, for example able/ible, ery/ary/ory and ei/ie words. It's easy to use, clearly set out and each page has just the right amount of work for one revision session.
KS2 English Sat Buster: Reading by Richard Parsons
This practical book covers the seven reading Assessment focuses for Year 6 SATS. Once your child has worked through these in this book, s/he will find it much easier to pick up these key points when reading other texts. There is a fold-out text for each of four types of passage, and it's easy to refer back to the text whilst reading the questions. One of those oh-so-simple ideas that makes a huge difference! This book really does make children think about the types of questions they will be asked and is an excellent way to prepare and build up confidence.
KS2 English Sat Buster: Punctuation by Richard Parsons
The importance of punctuation can be overlooked, and it can be a tricky subject for any of us to get right. There is plenty of practice here, with several pages devoted to each type of punctuation, ensuring all areas are covered. The Mixed Practice is excellent for revision and reinforcement. Children can assess thrie own work with the Punctuation Python. It would be a good idea to buy a copy of KS2 English SAT Buster - Spelling, Punctuation and Grammar Answer Book to go along with the books.
KS2 English Sat Buster: Handwriting by Richard Parsons
It's no use getting all the answers right if the examiner can't read what you have written! This, of course, applies to everything we do, not just to SATS papers, so this book has a wide application. We can fall into the error of thinking that children have learnt to write by Year 6 and don't need to improve any further - but there is generally plenty of room for improvement! And that's where this book comes in, as it shows all the letters and how to join them neatly. Each letter has sentences to copy and a paragraph to write out too.
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